Documentary | 1986 | 58 mins | VHS
Director/Producer: Steven Okazaki
Grade Levels: Grade 8 and up
On December 7, 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.The following day, the US declared war on Japan.
Two months later, despite the government’s own evidence that Japanese Americans posed no military threat, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, authorizing the removal and incarceration of over 120,000 Japanese Americans. Two-thirds were American citizens. Over half were children.
This highly acclaimed film tells the story of three Japanese Americans, Fred Korematsu, Gordon Hirabayashi and Minoru Yasui, who refused to be interned and were imprisoned for violating Executive Order 9066. They challenged the constitutionality of the internment in their individual cases: Hirabayashi v. United States (1943), Yasui v. United States (1943), and Korematsu v. United States (1944). Hirabayashi and Yasui’s convictions for curfew violations were upheld on appeal by the Supreme Court. Korematsu’s conviction for violating exclusion laws was also upheld by the Supreme Court. AN UNFINISHED BUSINESS follows these three men as they reopen their cases and fight to overturn their convictions, 40 years later.